People who argue that soul does not exist are not aware of the fact that, their own existence is dependent on the soul, which is in the form of consciousness.
One should not conclude because some great thinker said so or some philosophy says so. Without consciousness the mind, which is in the form of universe ceases to exist. Man ceases to exist without the universe.
The soul is in the form of formless consciousness. Formless consciousness is the formless substance and witness of the mind or universe, which appears as waking or dream,
Seeker of truth has to inquire, analyze and reason deeply by discriminating between the dual 9[waking or dream) and non-dual (deep sleep) experiences and understand and assimilate this existence of consciousness, which is beyond the form time and space. Consciousness is the very form of existence,though one would find it difficult to understand because of the intoxication of experience of duality.
This formless non-dual consciousness, which is beyond the mind and it, is never subject to any change by any cause, but the waking is subject to change as deep sleep or dream, and when this is realized than one becomes aware of the fact that, the subject and object are one in essence.
The difference between mind (universe) and soul (consciousness) is only when one considers the waking entity as self. From the ultimate standpoint there is no second thing exist other than consciousness, because the formless substance and witness of the mind or universe is consciousness. The mind and soul are one in essence.
Universe or mind does not have a separate existence without Consciousness. Only in illusion there is diversity but in reality there is always unity.
It is not proper to identify self as form.The universe in which man perceives the world is only an illusion and is really the consciousness itself.
In waking or dream the duality appears as a real,due to the ignorance of its real nature. Consciousness appears,to be the whole universe in waking or dream.In deep sleep it is in its own formless non-dual nature. Since one becomes aware of the deep sleep experience only in waking experience, which is the states of ignorance therefore no one identifies it as the nature of the consciousness which is true self.
Consciousness is the cause for the universe. There is no cause for this universe except consciousness. So the entire Universe with its contents is consciousness and nothing else, by clear understanding one becomes aware of the fact that, the cause and effect theory is based on the ego, which is the false self within the false experience.
The universe one sees is consciousness, and the difference between consciousness which pervades,and the universe in which it is said to be pervading, in nonexistent and the difference is a result of an illusion. The illusion exists as reality, because man is unaware of the fact that he and his experience of the world are within the illusion.
There are no different forms of consciousness,and there is nothing else except the consciousness, so how can there be difference between soul (consciousness) and the mind (universe).
The manifoldness of consciousness is mere mirage these differences are seen. The ignorant who are cheated by illusion think that, their experience of birth life, death and world are reality because they are unaware of the fact that, the three states are mere illusion created out of consciousness on the ultimate standpoint.
The source of the mind is the soul. Mind, which is in the form of universe, is erupted from the soul, which is in the form of consciousness. So the universe or mind should be considered as consciousness, which is ultimate reality or Brahman.
The action and activities are mere happening within the illusion. Thus, the birth, life, death and the world will prevail as reality for those who are not self-realized. Thus they are caught up in the cycle of birth, life and death. Thus the karma theory is reality for those who believe their body or ego as self. Therefore they are no qualified for self-knowledge because they have accepted form (body or ego) as self, whereas the self is formless (soul or consciousness). Love, Virtue, nonviolence, action and conducts are not the qualification for self–realization, but they are very essential and valuable tools for humanity to live in the practical world.
If one thinks the self is an individual then the individual travels from death to death. Thus the living in practical world is nothing to do with the ultimate truth. And both should not be mixed if one is seeking truth. The truth is nothing to do with the individual experiences of life, because from the ultimate stand point the birth, life, death and the world are mere illusion. Thus if one wants realize the ultimate truth or Brahman he should not bring the individual experiences of the world in Atmic discussion.