The Self –Knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana is the goal of the true seeker. Self-knowledge is the end of all egocentric knowledge.
Self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana was declared by the Indian sages in the past has to be mentally excavated from the labyrinths of philosophy. So many conceptual divisions invented by teachers of philosophy by their excessive analysis and different idea of truth and interpretations. All these concepts and ideas are never ending process.
The seeker of truth need not take the path of doubt and confusion, which takes him nowhere. Fortunate is the seeker who does not lose himself in the labyrinths of these theoretical philosophies. By perfect understanding of ‘what is what’ leads to non-dual self-awareness. The seeker has to behave in a normal and sane way and silently reflect on the subject constantly.
There is no body, no ego and no experience of the world in the realm of truth, because the body and the world are one in essence. That essence is consciousness.
The one who has the firm conviction that, he is an individual separate from the world and world existed prior to him and he is born in it afterwards is egocentric. And he is unfit to grasp the ultimate truth or Brahman.
The seeker has to trace the source of the mind or universe to realize the fact that, mind and its formless substance and the source are one in essence.
The truth is hidden within the mind. The mind is in the form of the universe. It requires deeper self-search mental excavation, the removal of the ignorance, which is the cause of experiencing the illusion or duality as reality.
Grasping the transparent Truth of the self, which is hidden by illusion or waking or universe, is to be attained through soulcentric reasoning, followed by reflection, meditation and so forth, but not through perverted egocentric arguments.
People think the self-knowledge is very difficult to achieve or understand. Self-knowledge which has to be acquired carefully and gradually, through deeper self-search.
In the past, spirituality was treated not as a separate subject but as a part of religion, but it is not so. Religion is based on the form and spirituality is based on formless. Therefore, spirituality is nothing to with religion. Spirituality is a rational enquiry regarding all that is known to exist. Everyone, each to the extent to which one's reasoning power admits, is by nature free to exercise this faculty, at whatever stage one may be. One is able to devote himself exclusively to a pursuit of the highest Truth, by means of reason.
In the ancient time, religious, Yogic or mystic disciplines, which were not an end in itself, considered to be a means for self-realization. But such discipline is almost impossible task for the modern man to adopt. Day by day modern man is becoming aware of the fact that religion and yoga are nothing to do with the pursuit of truth. .
The modern mindset is pre-eminently scientific owing to the great progress that science has made. And the best method of freeing the one from his inaccurate ways of thinking is to imbue him as fully as possible with the scientific spirit. It is therefore only one who possesses a clear knowledge of its methods and results i.e., who is able to make reason the highest means of enquiry that would be fit for self-knowledge
Vedanta itself admits its highest Truth that is Atman or Brahman cannot be reached by any path other than that of reason and unless the reason is sharper than the ‘Edge of a razor'.
Reason on the true base is the highest means of attaining Self- knowledge or Brahma Gnanan or Atma Gnana. Religion, theology, mystic practice and yoga are not the means to acquire non-dual wisdom. Absence of reason is the absence of wisdom.