Sanyasa is not a condition precedent to the attainment of self-knowledge. There is no need to embrace sanyasa in order to acquire self-knowledge. Any householder who has intense urge, receptiveness and humility and ready to drop all the accumulated dross and start a fresh will be able to grasp, understand, assimilate and realize the non-dual truth.
Until the seekers attention is fixed on the formless substance and witness of the three states the non-dual truth will not be revealed.
The individual experiences of birth, life, death and the world are unimportant because they are part of the illusion. Without the consciousness, the true self, the illusion ceases to exist. The individual experience of burden and bondage are reality within the illusion but they are unimportant from the ultimate standpoint.
All the individual experiences of riches and poverty, success and failure, pain and pleasure, desires are nothing to do with the formless self because they are mere illusion created out of consciousness, which is the nature of the self. Due to ignorance a person within the illusion experiences it as reality. The self –knowledge is necessary to realize the individual experience within the universe is mere illusion created out of consciousness. Thus consciousness alone is real and eternal.
The soul is the ocean of the consciousness. People who ought to know better, people who deemed to generally wise are hunting for pleasure without trying to know the soul, which is the inner most self. The soul or consciousness is the formless substance and witness of the universe or Mind, which appears as waking or dream and disappears as deep sleep. Thus, all the three states are nothing but consciousness because the consciousness pervades all the three states.
No god can exist without the self, which consciousness. Consciousness is ultimate truth. And ultimate truth itself is god.
One has to renounce the three states mentally by realizing their unreal nature and cling to their formless substance and witness, which is real and eternal to realize there is no second thing exist other than consciousness.
Strengthening his conviction about the self which is consciousness by realizing the illusory nature of the three states is real renunciation. Reflecting constantly on the formless witness of the three states, leads one to self-awareness.
In Self –awareness there is unity in diversity. In unity or oneness there is neither the day or night nor Sun, Moon, sky or stars nor darkness nor light nor air or water nor the animate and inanimate remains as reality; only those who have reached that realm realizes the fact that, the three states are mere mirage created out of consciousness.
Earth and the sky, that land is inhabited by people are reality within the illusion. One who has accomplished Self-Realization, realizes the fact that, there is no truth in their in their physical existence within the universe.
Form, time and space have no access there, nor do the sunshine and moonlight exist there but only formless non-dual self-awareness.
Self-Awareness is not attainable through "hath- yoga" by hath- yogis, nor by ascetics or performers of austere devotion who burn their bodies in the fire ascetic practices or self-mortification. Those who recognize the soul, as true self will be able to enter self-awareness.
A Gnani sees clearly; he comes to know the true nature of the three states. A Gnani is fully are of the fact that that all the three states are mere mirage created out of consciousness because the formless substance and witness of the three states is consciousness. The consciousness alone is real and all the three states are falsehood. By mentally clinging to consciousness, which is the true self and dropping the three states, one enters the self-awareness.