Most people think what he knows ultimate truth. And also they have attitude that “What they know is right, what others know is wrong.” This unfortunate vanity is common to all men and prevents realization. One must begin by doubting his own knowledge, and then only he is fit for the pursuit of truth.
Only when doubts begin to arise the quest of truth begins. And such doubts usually first start verifying the validity of all his accumulated knowledge.
With the ancient truth seeking began with wonder, with moderns it begins with doubts. How one has to know that his estimate of life is a correct one?
Everything has to be investigated and believed on reason based on facts, and then only may one accept it as truth in order to know that others have reached the same conclusion. But when a man depends on scriptures and opinions and uses it as proof very extensively it is because of his inferiority complex. Only one has to highlight the scriptural citation which will help the seeker in his inner journey after deeper verification.
The seeker must go to the very fundamentals, to the root of thinking, to “grasp the principles and not merely repeat the words of scriptures or intellectual’s opinion. Since the scriptures an intellectual base their theories on the waking entity or ego, which is the false self, whereas the ultimate truth is based on consciousness, which is the innermost self “Self”. Thus physical based opinions have no value in pursuit of truth. Whatever is based on consciousness as self has to be accepted as truth.
How does seeker know what others says is true?
This question must come to the seeker's mind whenever a doctrine is presented. That truth is known only by intuition is wrong. It is known by soul-centric Reason.
Whatever one knows that what he has seen by the intuition which he praise as the highest faculty, to accept as true that is a difficult question. That all his doubts are cleared, he means his doubts on every question about his true existence. Ultimate truth cannot be realized if one not begun by having doubts about the physical existence.
Doubts and confusions can be overcome by the sword of wisdom; it does not mean that one should give up his doubt and believe, as the religionists interpret it, since the religionists and yogis interpret it on the base of waking entity or ego.
The truth has to be verified on the base of soul as “Self”. But that if one keeps on thinking about his doubts on the base of waking entity or ego as self he never be able to solve. The seeker has to mentally rectify his reasoning base then only trying to discriminate. Seeker should cultivate to view and judge the worldview on the standpoint of consciousness, which is the innermost self. He should inquire and reason on the standpoint of consciousness as self and should not stop until this point is reached.
One has to realize the fact that, the whole universe that confronts him is consciousness. Unless the world is there in one’s realization, there is no ultimate truth or Brahman.
Ignorance cannot go through merely knowing the consciousness, for it is known in sleep and Samadhi. It can go only by knowing consciousness. If one can say that in his yogic Samadhi he saw the universe and knew it as consciousness , than one could agree that Yoga leads to truth, but in Samadhi one is unaware of the universe, and hence of consciousness.
To talk of ultimate truth without knowing the meaning of the word is utterly meaningless. How does the yogi know that what he finds in Samadhi is consciousness? He can know it only by soul centric inquiring and reasoning. He may see a beast in his Samadhi, but how does he know that beast is consciousness because he still in the realm of duality? He has not aware of the fact that, his body and ego and his experience of the world too is consciousness, because he takes them to be real. Thus his body based Samadhi is mere an experience based on false self within the false experience.
When the waking experience itself is as false as dream then how the yogic Samadhi experienced within the falsehood can be true. Whatever experienced as a person within the falsehood bound to be falsehood. First of all he must give the meaning of consciousness! There is the evidence? Until he defines his body, ego and his experience of the world he cannot say what he means.
It is not enough to see a mere blank yogic Nirvikalpa. One has to see the consciousness, which the innermost self is the universal self. The innermost self is free from ignorance not when one see nothing at all, as in yogic Samadhi but only when one see all this universe is consciousness, which is innermost self. Hence seeker must ask the question “What is this universe?” The attention must be drawn to the practical world. Thus Gnana will make one feel for the universal welfare. This is the highest aim and test.