All thinkers and intellectuals and yogis, gurus of the world hold the ‘I’ as self, and base their teachings and theories on the base of ‘I’ as self. That is the reason only the half-truth has been revealed.
The ego, body and the world are within the waking or dream or ’I’. They exist only when the waking or dream or ’I’ is present. They are non-existent in absence of waking or dream or ’I’. Thus identifying ‘I’, with physical body alone, keeps one in the realm of duality. Thus, it is necessary to know the fact that, ‘I’ is the whole waking or dream experience.
When one treats the ‘I’ as self, one thinks the self is within the body and it is limited to his physical entity alone. But the true self pervades the all the three states as its formless substance and witness. Thus one has to trace the formless witness of the three states in order to realize the three states which appear and disappear is a mere mirage on the standpoint of the formless witness which is soul or consciousness.
The sense of self (‘I’) is present only within the waking or dream and it disappears in deep sleep. "There is the connectivity of ‘self in deep sleep. And one is aware of the dream and deep sleep experiences in waking. But in dream the dream entity is unaware of the waking. In deep sleep the dream or waking experience is totally absent. Then it proves the fact of the existence of a formless witness which is fully aware of the three states, which appear and disappear in succession. Thus, it is necessary to trace the formless witness, mentally to realize, it is the true self, and it is a part. It is apart because it is not an entity or identity within the waking or dream.
The ‘I’ (mind or waking or dream) is absent in deep sleep. And therefore is not identical with the Atman the true self ''because there is no trace of duality in Atman. The duality exists only when there is waking or dream(’I’).
"'I' or mind is associated and limited to dream or waking; the self becomes free from ‘I’ or mind in deep sleep. Atman is ever presented as 'self ', therefore it is all and ever-knowing. Self is Atman or spirit.
The seeker has to realize the true self by focusing his attention of the formless witness of the three states. Atman is in the form of Consciousness. Realize it this instant, postponing it is not worthy of a good seeker. He should realize the Self at the moment of guidance.
Physical eyes are not meant to grasp the ultimate truth of Brahman. One has to grasp it mentally. The reasoning mind is the, the eye of the physical eye, as is clear in dreams.
The focus of attention has to be turned on the formless witness because grasping the truth is possible only when the focus is turned towards the formless witness.
Because of inherited programming people still hanging on to believe whatever they have inherited is ultimate truth, and they never bother to verify the validity of their belief. Even after one knows the truth, intellectually, he still has to do the actual inner work for it to get the firm conviction to realize it.
"The focus of attention must be mentally turned away from the three states and fixed on the formless witness of the three states in order to grasp it.”
The understanding based on what is observed require the two conditions, namely, elimination of others and concentrating on the one. But in pursuit of truth it differs from them in that it requires only one condition: the elimination of all understanding based on what is observed. The reason for this is although the true self is unknowable; it is still realizable by serious seekers.