The Soul, the innermost Self does not lie in our body or in our brain, or our ego, but it is the essence of the dual and non-dual experiences, which comes and goes as waking dream and deep sleep.
Goudpada Karika-s of the second, third and fourth chapters are the authority that a mumukshu ought to resort to. Since the reality of duality is born of ignorance even to a just born animal, and therefore the cause and characteristic of samsara, bondage, misery, the Upanishads and the Sages who have followed the Vedic tradition teach the unreality of the duality and redeem the suffering humanity from the misery caused by the duality.
Fort the sincere spiritual seeker duality (dvaita) and suffering are synonyms. So also Nonduality (Advaita) and bliss (sukha) are synonyms. The Veda, especially the Upanishad portions, are full of teachings directed at establishing the unreality and miserable nature of duality and upheld the non-dual nature of the Atman, the sole reality.
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4.3.22 alludes to this experience:~ (In this state a father is no father, a mother no mother, no Gods, no Vedas. In this state, a thief is no thief, the killer of a noble Brahmana no killer, a monk no monk, a hermit no hermit. This form of his is untouched by good work and untouched by evil work, for he is then beyond all the woes of his intellect.)
Mundaka Upanishad: - The study of the Vedas, linguistics, Rituals, astronomy and all the arts Can be called lower knowledge. The higher Is that which leads to Self-realization. The eye cannot see it; mind cannot grasp it. The deathless Self has neither caste nor race, Neither eyes not ears nor hands nor feet. Sages say this Self is infinite in the great And in the small, everlasting and changeless, The source of life.
The dualist thinkers ’ arguments are based on false Self (ego or waking entity) and false experience (mind or waking or dream or universe) to show the weakness of the position of the dualistic standpoint. They at their wits end to explain.
Existence cannot be a cause and effect at the same time, from the point of view of the dualists, but deeper Self-search shows the Existent is no two and causality can’t rise at all. Dualistic theory says that whatever was in the cause was also in the effect. They say that the gold brick, the gold medal, the gold ornaments --are in the seed--the gold. Deeper Self-search reveals the fact that, if cause and effect are one what is the difference between the two?
In the realm of truth, there is neither unwisdom nor ignorance; neither bondage nor liberation. There is but one pure consciousness. The logic holds good for the practical purpose in the practical life (waking). Soul-centric reasoning leads to non- dualistic Self-awareness.
The consciousness is existence absolute, awareness absolute. The Existence absolute means that consciousness is not unreal or non-existent. And it is not unconsciousness. Nothing positive can be stated about consciousness.
The Soul, the innermost Self is the One without a second. There is not the least shadow of multiplicity in the Soul, which is present in the form of the consciousness.
What is it that becomes the waking experience (duality)? ‘What is it that becomes the dream (duality)?’ and ‘what is it that becomes the deep sleep (nonduality)?’
Seeker of truth has to direct realization of the Soul, the innermost Self, through wisdom and avoid losing precious time and effort losing him in philosophical studies.
Both modern science and religion offer hypotheses and theories, but there is one vital difference--science begins with facts which it collects; religion begins with fancies. Science evolves its hypotheses from such facts, religion from fancies.
Science declares that oxygen combines with hydrogen to give water. And it also declares oxygen is protons or electrons. But in pursuit of truth the whole physical existence (universe or mind) is considered as illusion and science and their inventions, which are based on the physical existence is limited to physical existence. The truth is within, but it is beyond the physical existence.
The science demands physical proof. But the physical proof is part of the illusion. Hence, science cannot go beyond physicality because the truth cannot be traced with laboratory conditions. Deeper Inquiry, analysis, and reasoning are required if one wants to push the quest deeply enough.
Common people and primitive minds fall into faulty thinking through their inherited conditioning, such faulty thinking and reasoning makes them accept the experience of birth, life and death as a reality ; taking what one sees through the senses as real, taking what is apparent obvious and superficial as true because it is less troublesome.
Many People adopt the attitude that what they know is the truth. And what others say is false. This attitude makes them not to verify anything other then what they know. One needs to be rational, not merely logical. Logic has its value only in the physical plane.
As one advances towards spiritual plane he sees the logic underlying experience and becomes more rational. His reasoning is two-fold--implicit and explicit.
There is a need of facts of physical proof in scientific invention, whereas in pursuit of truth the proof has to be grasped mentally and realized. Therefore, the truth is realized only by few who take this mental pursuit. “Whatever facts revealed, which is un-contradictable has to be accepted as truth.
The truth based on the formless Soul, the innermost Self is worthwhile; without it, one has something else, not truth. Most people refuse to venture into the pursuit of truth; because they do not want to go into the root of things.
The seeker of truth has to study, inquire and reason at the beginning of the pursuit of truth because it is absolutely necessary for the pursuit of truth.
One has to know the Self is not physical, but the Self is the formless spirit. The spirit or Soul or the Self is present in the form of consciousness. The consciousness gives one the awareness of the three states.
The ignorance of the true Self is the cause of experiencing the dualistic illusion as a reality. The ignorance vanishes through realization of the true Self, which is the Soul or spirit or consciousness.